As they did so, they would step on colored ink before treading on the Chinese painting done earlier by the children and the performance artists. Throughout the entire parade of Nations, the Olympic athletes were treated to live traditional music ensembles, hand-picked by the Chinese Olympic committee from around the world. Each ensemble represented a continent from the five olympic rings. The groups included Chinese orchestra, scottish bagpipers mains of Fintry pipe band ( Fintry pipe band aboriginal musicians and dancers from Australia (William Barton 32 south African drummers (Drum Cafe 33 and North American mariachi group Mariachi mujer 2000. 34 Unlike in previous years, north and south Korea did not send a unified team; their athletes marched in separately as Republic of Korea (South Korea, chinese : ) and the democratic people's Republic of Korea (North Korea, chinese : ). 35 taiwan marched under the name " Chinese taipei " ( Chinese : ; pinyin : Zhōnghuá táiběi ) as per a 1989 agreement and in the Olympics since then and the Chinese media has followed suit, referring to taiwan as Zhonghua taibei instead. 36 37 The Chinese contingent, which was last, was led by yao ming and Lin hao, the 9-year-old primary school student who had rescued two schoolmates during the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. 38 39 Speeches by the presidents edit liu qi, the head of the beijing Olympic Organizing Committee, gave a speech in Mandarin welcoming the athletes.
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Australia ( Chinese : ) marched 202nd, just ahead of Zambia ( Chinese : which was the last country to march before China. 31 The first characters of these countries' names ( and ) are written with 15 and 16 strokes respectively. Announcers in the stadium read off the names of the marching nations in French, english (the official languages of the Olympics and Standard Chinese with music accompanying the athletes as they marched into the stadium. The leading signs of delegations, carried by young Chinese women in red dresses, had their names printed in these three languages: the Chinese version in traditional Chinese calligraphy ; and above it in the other two languages, using a roman alphabetic typeface that mimicked brush. Chinese names of most states were condensed to their short forms when possible. For example, bosnia and Herzegovina entered as bohei in Chinese, while saudi Arabia entered as simply shate. One exception was the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, which entered in Chinese as its full designation because of the macedonia naming dispute (though the country was sorted according to its short name, ). China entered as people's Republic of China/République populaire de Chine in English and French, but simply as Zhongguo in Chinese, the most common short name. ( Indonesia ) was used australia instead of, ( Malaysia ) was used instead of, and ( Qatar ) was used instead. The athletes marched along the tracks toward the center of the stadium, which was encircled by white-capped Chinese cheerleaders welcoming each contingent.
If the name of two or more countries has the same first character, then they are ordered according to the stroke order of the second character. For example, latvia ( Chinese : great Britain ( Chinese : and British Virgin Islands ( Chinese : ) were the 114th, 115th and 116th to enter respectively while advantages the first characters of their names are all eight strokes. However, the stroke order of Latvia's first character is while that of Great Britain. Latvia's third stroke is before that of Great Britain which gave latvia precedence to Great Britain. Great Britain and the British Virgin Islands share the same first character. However the second one in Great Britain's name is, which has 8 strokes, while the second in British Virgin Islands is, which has 12 strokes. Thus Great Britain entered before British Virgin Islands. Guinea ( Chinese : ) was the second country to enter following Greece as it only takes two strokes to write the first character in the country's name.
Theme song edit Chinese singer liu huan and British singer Sarah Brightman stood on the central platform and sang the 2008 Olympic theme song: " you and me " with international foreign countries global under 204 countries of region of around the world. 2,008 performers then held out parasols with smiling faces of young children. 30 This was followed by red and orange fireworks in the form of smiley faces. The representatives from the 56 ethnic groups danced a vigorous folk dance. Parade of nations edit see also: 2008 Summer Olympics national resume flag bearers The athletes taking part in the 29th Olympiad parade of nations marched out to the centre of the stadium. In accordance with Olympic tradition, the national team of Greece, which hosted the last Summer Olympics, in Athens, entered first, in honor of Greece's status as the birthplace of the Olympics, while the host country came last. Traditionally nations are ordered in alphabetic order of the national language of the host country (or if there is more than one, the more dominant of the languages of the host city as Chinese writing is not alphabetic, the teams paraded by stroke order. 4 countries with the same number of strokes in the first character are sorted by the order of the five basic strokes in Chinese characters and ).
A skit was shown with schoolchildren drawing and coloring on the paper scroll and chanting poetry. These were the same children representing the 56 ethnic groups of China. They symbolized a green Olympics (to protect the world). As their sequence drew to an end, the giant white paper was lifted vertically to reveal a drawing of mountains and waters with a smiling face as the sun. Then, there was a light presentation showing brightly coloured flying birds, symbolizing the rebirth of the phoenix and the bird-nest stadium itself. Dream edit performers dance on the surface of an illuminated sphere in the middle of the national Stadium The next segment was a celestial show and the arrival of astronauts symbolizing Chinese space exploration, with a gigantic, 60-foot, 16-tonned 27 ball structure representing the earth. 58 acrobats tumbled rightside up, sideways or upside down on its surface, which was then transformed into a giant glowing Chinese lantern.
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This was followed by a procession of men, in blue costumes, who with huge oars formed formations of junks, symbolizing the page expeditions of Zheng. A performer holding another great Chinese invention, the compass, in its ancient form a metal spoon floating in a fluid suspensible vessel, danced in the center of the giant led scroll that showed images of sailing junks and maps of Zheng he's seven voyages. Li and yue (Ritual and Music) edit Actors' performance on top of a huabiao a musician playing pipa Ending segment of the first half "Brilliant civilization" before the second half "Glorious Era" The segment represents the prosperity of ancient China as The State. Accompanied by the music of Kunqu, one of the oldest extant Chinese operas, the giant scroll expands and shows several beautiful classic ancient paintings from Tang, song, yuan, ming and Qing Dynasties. At this point, two rows of huge royal dragon pillars called huabiao (S:, t:, p: huábiǎo ) emerged and stretched skyward, with the performers dancing to the ancient tune Chūnjiāng huā yuèyè as pink and orange fireworks were set off overhead. Starlight edit Then followed the modern segment where pianist Lang Lang and five-year-old li muzi 28 performed a melody from the yellow river Cantata. Citation needed Around the pianists a sea of rainbow-coloured luminescent performers swayed in wave-like unison to suggest the flow of the yellow river.
The illuminated performers, symbolizing modern-day china, then arranged themselves in the shape of the dove of peace, which wings were then set into motion as the performers moved about. They formed the bird's nest shape of the beijing National Stadium. When a young girl flew a kite also a chinese invention above them in mid-air, the performers' lights flickered in an methodology intricate pattern. Nature edit a tàijíquán performance by 2,008 masters 29 showed the fluid movements achieved when in harmony with nature. They demonstrated martial arts while combining to form geometric mass human formations.
Ceramics, porcelain vessels and other Chinese fine arts artifacts were beamed on a giant led scroll, representing the first of the four Great Inventions of China, paper, and displaying animated graphics, slowly unfurling. At its center was a piece of white canvas paper, which then ushered in a performance of black-costumed dancers whose hands hid brushes that had been dipped in ink. They performed a dance while leaving their trails on the block of white paper, reminiscent of Chinese ink and wash painting. 24 This was accompanied by the sounds of the guqin, china's ancient seven-string zither, as played by Chen leiji (S:, t:, p: Chén léijī ). The led scroll then showed an old, rare painting by wang Ximeng.
Written character edit The giant scroll was then moved aside to show a fluid array 897 movable type blocks that formed three variations of the character ( hé "harmony" representing the third great Chinese invention: the movable type press. The character was shown, consecutively, in bronze inscription, seal script and kaisScript (Modern Chinese script). Performers in Zhou -era clothing representing the " 3000 Disciples of Confucius carrying bamboo slips, recited excerpts from the Analects : "Isn't it great to have friends coming from afar?" and "All men are brothers within the four seas ". The blocks changed into a small version of the Great Wall, which then sprouted peach blossoms, the Chinese symbol for openness. 25 At the end of the sequence the tops of the movable type blocks came off to reveal 897 performers, who waved vigorously to the crowds, indicating that the individual pieces of type block were not computer controlled and synchronized, but rather the combined efforts. Opera edit The next segment saw ancient terracotta soldiers and Chinese opera, 27 followed by a beijing opera puppetry performance. The wusheng type of beijing opera performers was also enacted. Silk road edit a dunhuang fairy dances on the paper—which has become golden desert under the projectionheld by hundreds of men in clothing of ancient diplomatic envoys. On the giant scroll is a depiction of ancient Silk road on the land.
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Next, the vegetarianism rings were lift up by twenty "Dunhuang fairies" (Buddhist apsaras of the mogao caves). National flag-raising ceremony edit China's national flag carried into the national Stadium Attention was then turned to 56 young children representing the 56 ethnic groups of modern China, and donning respective costumes. They marched in the flag of the people's Republic of China thesis as a young girl in red, 9-year-old Lin miaoke ( Lín miàokě was seen performing " Ode to the motherland while miming to the voice of Yang peiyi. 22 Only one-third of "Ode to the motherland" was sung, to save time. The flag of the people's Republic of China was then handed over to eight well-dressed people's Liberation Army soldiers who carried the flag in a slow, goose-stepping march over to the flag podium and the Chinese national anthem " March of the volunteers " was. Artistic section edit The Artistic section tells about China's history and art. Includes the historic scroll painting And the bamboo books and bird. Scroll painting edit dancers painting on the scroll The disciples of Confucius chanted a famous" from the Analects, translated as "All those within the four seas can be considered his brothers". 23 At the prelude to the section, beautiful Olympics, a short film, was screened depicting the making of paper, another of the four Great Inventions, ending with a rolled-up scroll painting to set the stage for the next segment.
president Serzh Sargsyan Australia prime. Gill Ireland Sports Minister Martin Cullen Israel President Shimon Peres Italy foreign Minister Franco Frattini japan Prime minister Yasuo fukuda and wife kazakhstan President Nursultan nazarbayev and wife kenya vice President Kalonzo musyoka north Korea chairman of the Presidium Supreme Assembly kim Yong Nam south. Nathan Slovakia president ivan gašparovič and wife Slovenia sports Minister Milan zver south Africa first Lady zanele Mbeki spain The Prince and Princess of Asturias, and Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos Sri lanka president Mahinda rajapaksa and wife Shiranthi Sweden Prime minister Fredrik reinfeldt and. Bush and wife laura bush, former President george. Bush and wife barbara bush, and Former Secretary of State henry kissinger Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov vanuatu president Kalkot Mataskelekele and wife and Prime minister Ham Lini and wife vietnam President Nguyễn Minh Triết Sequence of events edit countdown edit welcoming ceremony began. The drums, running like a time machine, form giant digits (in both Arabic and Chinese numerals) to count down the final seconds to the games. Welcoming ceremony the song-fou edit The 2008 drummers play the bronze fou drums and sing the" from The Analects of Confucius written 2000 years ago: "Isnt it delightful to have friends coming from afar? To welcome friends from all over the world. Footprints of History and Olympic Rings edit The firework footprints were set off at the rate of one every second; each represented one of the 29 Olympiads, signifying the beijing Olympics as the xxix olympiad of the modern era. The 29th footprint arrived at Bird's Nest and transformed into Star Olympic Rings.
9 10 11, it was noted for its focus on essays ancient. Chinese culture, and for its creativity, as well as being the first to use weather modification technology to prevent rainfall. 12, the final ascent to the torch featured Olympic gymnast li ning, who appeared to run through air around the membrane of the stadium. Featuring 15,000 performers, the ceremony lasted over four hours and was reported to have cost over US100 million to produce. 13 The opening ceremony was lauded by spectators and numerous international presses as spectacular and spellbinding, and by many accounts "the greatest ever in the history of Olympics". 14 It drew rave reviews from media around the world, and was praised for its magnitude and ingenuity, attracting a tv audience of over 4 billion people (equivalent to two-third of world population at that time). 15 Contents Attending heads of state edit more than 100 heads of state, heads of government and sovereigns attended the opening ceremony. 16 17 The number of heads of state who attended the opening ceremony was by far the largest in Olympic history.
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The 2008 Summer Olympics opening ceremony was held at the, beijing National Stadium, also known as the, bird's Nest. It began at 20:00. China Standard Time utc8 ) on Friday, as the number 8 is considered to be auspicious., the number 8 6 is associated with prosperity and confidence in, chinese culture. 6, the artistic ilahi part of the ceremony comprised two parts titled "Brilliant civilization" and "Glorious Era" respectively. 7, the first part highlighted the Chinese civilization and the second part exhibited modern China and its dream of harmony between the people of the world. 7, the stadium was full to its 91,000 capacity according to organizers. The ceremony was directed by, chinese filmmaker, zhang Yimou, who was the chief director and was assisted by Chinese choreographers. Zhang Jigang and Chen weiya. 9, the director of music for the ceremony was composer Chen Qigang.