But Swami ji contribution in removing social evils of India and especially of Hinduism is very significant; it gave sense of pride to Indians, as said by Annie besant for him that Swami ji was the only one who proclaimed: India is For Indians. Ishwar Chandra vidyasagar Ishwar Chandra vidyasagar Ishwar Chandra vidyasagar was one of the most remarkable social reformers of 19th century. He was born on 26 September 1820 in Paschim Midnapur District of Bengal to Thakurdas Bandhopadhyaya and Bhagwati devi. His early childhood was spent in poverty without much of the basic necessities. But Vidyasagar was a brilliant student; he used to study under street lamps because at home there were no lamps. By performing exceptionally at schools and colleges he received various scholarships; also he used to do part-time teaching jobs to support his studies and family. At Sanskrit College, calcutta he studied Literature, sanskrit Grammar, law and Astronomy etc. Vidyasagar was a very courageous social reformer and he never hesitated to challenge the prevailing social evils.
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Social Reforms: Swami dayananda was the great believer in the teachings of Vedas; he gave the slogan: Return to vedas. He criticized Hindu religious texts such as Puranas for perpetuating ask Idol worship and other superstitions. He tried to revive true hindu philosophy and belief and argued the against all wrong things being propagated in the name of Hinduism. He aggressively attacked social evils like caste system by birth but he argued that it should be on the basis of occupation and work. He supported and advocated womens right to education and their equal social status. Also, swami dayananda started campaign against Untouchability, child Marriage etc. He supported inter-caste marriages and widow remarriages; supported Sudras and womens right to read Vedas and to attain high education. Swami dayananda saraswati established Arya samaj in the year 1875 to propagate his ideas. Its objective was to revive and reform Hindu religion; establishment of Vedic religion in its true form again; to unify India socially, religiously and politically and to stop western cultural effects on Indian culture and civilization. However apart from all the good deeds of Arya samaj, it also became controversial for its Shuddhi movement under which such persons were allowed to return back to hinduism who had converted to other religions.
He was more confident about womens ability to change the fortune of India; he proclaimed that with the help of 50 women he can transform India into a modern forward looking nation. However his real contribution to India was to revive the true meaning of Hinduism; pdf he propagated the real philosophy and culture of India to the world at the parliament of the worlds Religions in Chicago in 1893; through his lectures and speeches all over the. He was fiercely against any kind of social evil perpetuated by religious logic and dogmas and was of the view that Hindu belief in untouchability must change if the nation is to progress. Further, his fiery speeches and lectures gave a momentum to the national movement for Independence and his life and teachings are still a source of inspiration for the youth of the country. Swami vivekananda died on while in meditation at Belur Math, bengal, India. Swami dayananda saraswati Swami dayananda saraswati Swami dayananda saraswatis childhood name was moolshankar; he was born on t maurvi, gujarat. He left home at the age of 21 and he kept wandering in the company of one dandi Swami poornananda who gave moolshankar the name Swami dayananda saraswati.
Especially he was interested in philosophy and religious texts; he keenly read the works of western philosophers and thinkers such as Kant, hegal, john Stuart Mill, auguste comte, spenoza, herbert Spencer and Charles Darwin etc. He was also well-versed with all philosophical and religious texts of Hinduism be it Upanishads, vedas or Ramayana and Mahabharata. All these readings made him a very inquisitive person. His quest for truth and knowledge took him to Swami ramakrishna paramhansa and Narendranath transformed into vivekananda. Social Reforms: Though vivekananda had not initiated any particular social reform but his speeches and writings were full of messages against all kinds of social and religious evils. His main focus was on removing the weakness of Indias youth of the time, both physical as well as mental. And to gain strength he suggested physical exercise or attaining of knowledge. For him strength is life and weakness is death; for all the problems of India whether social or political the solution is self-respect in Indias culture and philosophy. He was against religious dogmas and superstitions; in his speeches and lectures he continuously argued against prevailing social evils.
Social Reformers of India and their contributions
Samvad kaumudi and, prgya chaand i n the year 1821 to spread his ideas and swan views to the common people. He also started a persian newspaper viz. Apart from these, roy also helped in the establishment of one. Vedanta college and the, hindu college in Calcutta. Contribution to the society: Raja ram Mohan roys work and efforts gave the first touch of modern for ideas for India which was reeling under the dual burden of age-old social ills and British exploitation. His spreading of modern ideas was also perhaps the nascent beginning of long struggle of Indias Independence.
Thus, his contribution is like a bed-stone in the making of modern Indian. Swami vivekananda, swami vivekananda, vivekananda, born to vishwanath Datta and Bhuveneshwari devi in Calcutta on was an extraordinary man. His childhood name was Narendranath Dutta. From early childhood Narendra was a very bright student; his memory and reading capabilities were exceptional; Narendra was a voracious reader. A brilliant student, he was interested in wide range of subjects such as philosophy, biology, art, culture, music, social studies etc.
Belonging to a traditional Brahmin family, roy was married off at a very young age and before attaining the age of ten he was married trice. He died of meningitis in Bristol, England on 27 September, 1833. Work and Reforms: Raja ram Mohan roy was very open minded and was of very questioning brains. He was very much influenced by western progressive thoughts. He was also well versed in the teachings of various religions. He was influenced by monotheism of Islam, mysticism of Sufi philosophy, ethics and morals of Christianity and Vedanta philosophy of Upanishad.
His main focus was towards the evils which had surrounded the hindu society of the times, such as: he criticized idol worship of Hindus and tried to prove his point through the verses of Vedas. But the main contribution for which Raja ram Mohan roy is still remembered was his relentless efforts in abolishing the practice of Sati Pratha. Ram Mohan roy got involved in fighting against it when his elder brother died and his sister-in-law was made a sati. He began a movement to abolish this barbaric custom and for that purpose he persuaded the British government to pass an Act abolishing Sati Pratha; the bengal Sati regulation Act, 1829 was passed by lord William Bentinck, the then governor General of Bengal. On August 20, 1828, raja ram Mohan roy established the. Brahma samaj, which later became the, brahmo samaj, an organization and a movement with the objectives of promoting monotheism, criticizing idol worshiping; opposing wide spread Brahmanism and uplifting the pitiful condition of women etc. Other Important Works: In 1820, he published a book named. Percepts of Jesus: The guide to peace and Happiness ; in this book ram Mohan roy explained the simplicity and morality of Christian religion. He also started publishing two newspapers viz.
Poona pact - wikipedia
We will look into the beauty life and works of these extraordinary men and women and will appreciate driver their efforts in the making of todays India. Social Reformers of India, raja ram Mohan roy. Raja ram Mohan roy, at the beginning of 19th century, india was plagued by various social evils such as Sati pratha, caste system, religious superstitions etc. Raja ram Mohan roy was the first person who recognized these inhuman practices and decided to fight against the same. He is considered as the architect of Indian Renaissance and father of modern India. Ram Mohan roy was born on in Radhanagar, hugli district of Bengal. His father was Ramakant roy and mother Trivani devi; father was at a very good position in the court of the then Nawab of Bengal. He got his education at Patna and Varanasi. He also worked in the east India company from 1803 to 1814.
However, human society all over the world shows that various types of exploitative practices are prevalent there; these practices originated due to human greed for power, authority and superiority; such as so-called higher caste people would exploit so-called lower caste persons; a white would exploit. These discriminatory and exploitative practices take the form of social evils in the long run and become a scar on the face of any civilized society. Every country, in its history, has had numerous bright individuals who would live and work for the progress and upliftment of the downtrodden persons in the society; and due to their efforts, it became possible to abolish several extreme social evils such as racism, proquest sati. In this Article we will study the life and works of various great social reformers of India; alongside we will also try to understand what is a social evil is; its causes and who is a social reformer etc. Social reformer, who is a social reformer? A person who is concerned about the humanity and mankind above anything else; a person who wants to change the existing state of things for the better; a person who has an enlightened thought process; a person who cannot stand the sufferings of the weaker. In fact a social reformer is an ordinary human being who wants to serve the cause of humanity in extraordinary ways. India is fortunate to have, in its long history, many extraordinary human beings who devoted all their lives for the betterment of the society and for the upliftment of the downtrodden. A few among them are: Raja ram Mohan roy, ishwar Chandra vidyasagar, vivekananda, mahatma gandhi, dr Bhimrao ambedkar, jyotiba Phule, anne besant, mother Teresa, vinoba behave etc.
the central and Provincial Legislatures as herein-before mentioned shall come to an end after the first ten years, unless terminated sooner by mutual agreement under the provision of clause 6 below. The system of representation of Depressed Classes by reserved seats in the Provincial and Central Legislatures as provided for in clauses (1) and (4) shall continue until determined otherwise by mutual agreement between the communities concerned in this settlement. The Franchise for the central and Provincial Legislatures of the depressed Classes shall be as indicated, in the. There shall be no disabilities attached to any one on the ground of his being a member of the depressed Classes in regard to any election to local bodies or appointment to the public services. Every endeavour shall be made to secure a fair representation of the depressed Classes in these respects, subject to such educational qualifications as may be laid down for appointment to the public Services. In every province out of the educational grant an adequate sum shall be ear-marked for providing educational facilities to the members of Depressed Classes. See also edit, references edit, external links edit retrieved from " p? Any society consists of diverse and different types of persons; persons with different religions, different castes, different colors, different gender and different faiths etc. And it is expected that they all should live in harmony and without discrimination; ideal situation is when there is equality, freedom and brotherhood among all sections of society.
They finally agreed upon 147 seats. 1, contents, terms of the pact edit, the terms of the poona pact were as follows. There shall be seats reserved for the depressed Classes out of general juan electorate. Seats in the provincial Legislatures were as follows. These figures were based on the total strength of the Provincial councils announced in Ramsay macdonald's decision. Election to these seats shall be by joint electorates subject, however, to the following procedure. All members of the depressed Classes registered in the general electoral roll of a constituency will form an electoral college which will elect a panel of four candidates belonging to the depressed Classes for each of such reserved seats by the method of the single. The representation of the depressed Classes in the central Legislature shall likewise be on the principle of joint electorates and reserved seats by the method of primary election in the manner provided for in clause above for their representation in the provincial legislatures.
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From wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, jump to navigation, jump to search. The, poona pact refers to an agreement between,. Gandhi on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature. It was made on the 24th of September 1932. Yerwada central jail in, poona, india and was signed. Madan Mohan Malviya, ambedkar and some other leaders as a means to end the fast that Gandhi was undertaking in jail as a protest against the decision by British Prime minister. Ramsay macDonald to give separate electorates to depressed classes for the election of members of provincial legislative assemblies.